Where in Canada is Aquamation Legal?

Where in Canada is Aquamation Legal?
Learn which Canadian provinces and territories have legalized aquamation for use as a funeral technology.
2 minute read

Last updated: March 23, 2022

Aquamation – sometimes called water cremation or flameless cremation and known by the technical term alkaline hydrolysis – is legal or allowable as a human funerary process in four Canadian provinces and one territory with legislation being considered or requested  by public lobby efforts in some provinces. In the U.S., aquamation is legal in more than 20 states. (See also state by state aquamation legal status.)

Learn more about aquamation in this in-depth Q&A article.

Aquamation is legal for use with pets in all states, provinces and territories in Canada and the U.S.A.

See Canadian province and territory aquamation legal status in the table below for human use as well as the dates it became legal.

Province or Territory Aquamation Status Date it Became LegalNotes
Alberta Not legalN/A There is currently no legislation or regulations for alkaline hydrolysis in Alberta.
British Columbia Not legal N/A
There is a movement to lobby the provincial government to legalize aquamation including a petitionbut no bills in B.C. have been tabled yet.
Manitoba Not legal N/A There is currently no legislation or regulations for alkaline hydrolysis in Manitoba.
New Brunswick Not legal N/A There is currently no legislation or regulations for alkaline hydrolysis in New Brunswick.
Newfoundland and Labrador Legal 2019 Newfoundland and Labrador is the fourth Canadian province to allow alkaline hydrolysis for human use. CentralFuneralHomes.ca has been offering the service since 2021.
Nova Scotia Not legal N/A There is currently no legislation or regulations for alkaline hydrolysis in Nova Scotia.
Ontario Legal May 2015 Only high temperature aquamation was approved in Ontario.
Prince Edward Island Not legal N/A There is currently no legislation or regulations for alkaline hydrolysis in PEI.
Quebec Legal March 2015 Quebec was the second Canadian province to legalize aquamation.
Saskatchewan Legal 2012 Saskatchewan was the first province in Canada to approve aquamation.
   
Northwest Territories Legal July 2020 No facilities currently available in NWT. Closest aquamation facility is in Edmonton.
Nunavut Not legal N/A There is currently no legislation or regulations for alkaline hydrolysis in Nunavut.
Yukon Not legal N/A The legislation under the Yukon Funeral Directors Act and the Act to Amend the Funeral Dirctors Act defines a crematorium and who can cremate human remains (licensed funeral director). It does not address aquamation.

Have an aquamation question? Want to make arrangements?

You can ask our experts a question via email at support@eirene.ca, or  arrange aquamation for a loved one with Eirene in Ontario. You can also preplan an aquamation for yourself with our company. Eirene operates in Ontario (offering cremation and aquamation) and Nova Scotia (offering cremation only).